How to Install Weight Distribution Hitch

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Last Updated on July 3, 2022

You must be already familiar with bumper pull trailers. And for this type of trailer, we tend to use weight distribution hitches. Now you don’t need one if you own a different type of trailer such as the gooseneck.

With a weight distribution hitch, you get a towing experience that is not just level but also pretty stable. 

Once you get this hitch, the next thing to do would be to find out how to install weight distribution hitch, something we plan to help you with today!

How to install weight distribution hitch

Here’s How to Install Weight Distribution Hitch

You’ll need to prepare both the tow vehicle and trailer before attaching the weight distribution hitch. Make sure to connect the spring bar, chain lift brackets, chains and complete the installation one by one. We’ll be going into the details.

Tow Vehicle & Trailer Preparation

You want to set both the tow vehicle and travel trailer lined up on a straight pavement for this. To make it level, you can use a trailer tongue jack and raise or lower the trailer with it.

The distance between the coupler top and pavement, measure and note it down next. You also want to take measurements of the distance between the front and rear bumper.

One final thing to do before weight distribution hitch assembly would be deflating the springs as well as air shocks. Bring it to the suggested pressure for the task.

Attaching The Weight Distribution Hitch 

You should have enough idea of the weight distribution hitch parts, read the manual otherwise. Once you are done, start by finding the trailer hitch’s receiver tube, and putting the shank inside.

  • The head assembly needs to be within the shank along with the trailer ball next. You want to bring it a little higher so that the ball top is around 1-3 inches above the noted-down height of the coupler. This is the trailer pull weight causing sag that will happen to the tow vehicle basically.
  • Next, you need to install the head onto the shank with the same coupler height in mind by inserting two flat washers on the rod meant for short adjustment. Here the washer with a conical tooth goes in a lower hole along with the five inches hex bolt.
  • The adjustment rod must be in the spot, tighten the head unit with the sink, and make sure the ball is vertical enough. Or at least tilted slightly backward. Use or get rid of the washer when necessary.
  • Go ahead with other bolts to fasten them as well. And use a wrench for tightening the top bolt so that the head is firm with a shank.

Check Before Attaching the Spring Bar

  • Make sure that the spring bar has the chain connected properly. U-bolt should have an even attachment. 
  • Nylon nuts beneath the area should have at least 2-3 threads. You want to apply some thick fibrous grease as well to the spring bar’s connecting points for friction reduction and long lasting hitch.
  • The assembly’s low pocket will accommodate the trunnion bottom knob, insert it. Let the top knob go through the upper pocket’s entering slot, rotate in such a way. 

Attaching Chain Lift Brackets

  1. Raise the coupler to have the ball in a position that allows passing beneath and back of the vehicle. Then you can lower the coupler and latch it to the ball. Let the jack hold the weight and raise the coupler 3 inches while having the latch in position. So that chain goes easily under the trailer.
  2. Hold the spring bar parallel with the frame of the trailer to install the chain lift brackets. The chains should be alongside the trailer vertically. 
  3. Maintaining a dead center and perivenular towards the ground for the chain will help. Use a half-inch bolt for tightening the bracket to the hole until it is in full contact with the frame.

Attaching The Chains

  1. Bring the trailer tongue higher and then the chain as well as bar towards the lift bracket. Make the bar parallel with the frame. Have the chain that is lining up with the bracket into the lift chain attachment hook. You don’t want to twist it.
  2. The bracket has a risk of binding if you don’t have at least 5 links between the bracket and spring bar. You can adjust the head tilt of the adjustment rod to get more links if necessary.
  3. Next, you need to install the lift handle that goes under the chain attachment’s top rod. Secure both side brackets using retaining clips. 
  4. Bring the trailer jack beneath and then measure the ground and bumper between distances again for both rear and front ones. It should not be more than half inches of actual measurement.

Frequently Asked Questions

Why consider installing a weight-distribution hitch with sway control?

There are many additional features you can get with the hitch, but sway control is the best one. As it helps to address any motion that goes from side to see.

When do you need a weight-distribution hitch?

It will depend on the vehicle you own. You should check the provided manual’s weight requirement section. For example, it is recommended to use weight distribution with sway control when towing more than 5 thousand lbs with the 201 Chevy Traverse.

How does a weight-distribution hitch work?

The hitch shifts the load to the vehicle from the trailer. Or else it could have centered right between the vehicle and trailer’s connection point. However, the weight distribution hitch would spread the whole weight across the trailer and vehicle axles.

Wrapping Up

And that was all about how to install weight distribution hitch. It’s a task you must do with enough caution and attention. 

Hopefully, the instructions were clear enough in this guide to give you a good outcome. Bye For Today!

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Dodge Ram 5th Wheel Hitch Installation

About the Author: Brian Silvestro

Brian Silvestro is the founder and chief editor of OffroadersArena. He spends his free time tending to his BMW iX SUV and explaining its merits to anyone who'll listen.

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