Winch Motor and Winch Gear Types Explained

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Last Updated on June 26, 2022

If you ever plan on going on a long trip, you might have many things to put on your list for safety, but what if you get stuck somewhere, whether you are stuck in a hole or mud, etc? 

This is why you need to know about winches, especially if you are riding solo and have no extra hand to get you out of there.

Because if you go alone, it is a different situation, and you’ll need to be prepared to save yourself, so having a winch there with you will not only save you but give you confidence and courage.

A winch is a lifting or tugging device built up of rotating elements with rope or chains wrapped around them. It’s a piece of hoisting equipment and is used to load or unload cargo, among other things. A winch is made up of a motor, gear, and a variety of additional components.

Winch motor gears explained

Winch Motor Explained

The part of the winch that effectively powers the chain, rope or cable is called a winch motor. The lifting and pulling capacity of a winch is usually determined by the strength of the winch motors. It’s made to pull objects that are trapped in a tight spot or a large area on a surface. 

The winch gears convert the output of the high-speed, limited motor into a low-speed, increased hoisting device.

  • Permanent Magnet Motors and
  • Series Wound Motors

These are the two types of Direct Current (DC) motors used in the winches.

A Direct Current motor is an electrical component that converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. A DC motor was the first type of motor to be extensively applied, and it had the added benefit of being able to control speed over a large range.

Permanent magnet motors 

Permanent magnet motors 

These are advanced motors because permanent magnet motors employ field coils in the stator rather than magnets, the void on your cell is lower than with series-wound motors. Permanent magnet motors are best at the range of light to medium loads because they are inclined to heat up quickly and overheat in some circumstances. 

The poles of a motor are the north-south magnetic points on the stator and rotor, and the magnets can get a little loose over time due to misuse.

The series motors

The series motors

The field conductors are linked in series with the structure conductors of a series wound motor. At high speeds, series wound motors are indomitable, generating the highest torque for a sufficient period. Because series-wound motors employ field coils to produce a magnetic field, they use more current than permanent magnet motors. Series wound winches are more costly and have a higher duty rating.

A permanent magnetic motor will drag the exact amount as a series wound motor while drawing less current from the cell and fueling system. Nevertheless, when the permanent magnet motor warms up, the power decreases while the amperage consumption increases.  

Types of Winch Gear

Planetary gears 

Planetary gears are used to slow down the motors and increase the torque. The most popular type of gear is the planetary gear, which provides both strength and smooth operation. 

Because planetary gears are smaller than other gearboxes, they are employed in situations when space is limited and less effort is required. Planetary gears can also be used to generate a set of gear ratios based on which gear is seen as an intake, which one is utilized as an output, and which one is maintained stable.

Worm gears

Worm gears have slightly slanted and curved teeth and are screw tapped against a standard spur gear. They’re classic stuff. Worm gears are also utilized in many musical instruments for machine heads, which are tuning mechanisms. 

Worm gears work by generating friction by turning lubricated gears, which are then converted to heat. Worm gears are effective as speed reducers as they produce low and high torque ranges.

These gears also have a 35% to 40% level of effectiveness. Worm gears are much slower than spun or planetary gears, especially when empty, because of so many gear decreases.

Spur gears

Spur gears are either made of steel or brass and are in the shape of a cylinder. These are often noisy. They are less expensive to fabricate and carry out thoroughly which causes them to be one of the maximum cost-powerful styles of gearing.  

Electromagnetic switches are known as a solenoid. A magnetic field occurs when power is provided to the solenoid via the remote switch, completing the circuit to the winch and moving the winch motor forward or backward depending on which solenoids are triggered.

Electrical winches can also be used for the same reason, although they are powered by direct current energy rather than AC, which stands for alternating current. It is used to tow vehicles, yachts, and heavy equipment. A manual winch takes a lot more effort than an electronic winch.

In summary 

Winches are likely to help in the reduction of complexity and the prevention of operational risks if you ever find yourself in such a circumstance.

Also, given the variety of elements they require, such as motors, etc. It would be really beneficial for you to choose based on your preferences and capacity.

If you’ve liked this winch motor & gear guide, then you might also like to read these guides:

About the Author: Brian Silvestro

Brian Silvestro is the founder and chief editor of OffroadersArena. He spends his free time tending to his BMW iX SUV and explaining its merits to anyone who'll listen.

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